Six cognitive strategy groupings can speed up learning, improve learner retention, and accelerate the learning process. Cognitive strategies are the
thought processes with which people study and learn. Unlike metacognitive skills, which are higher-level functions, cognitive strategies are applicable to specific, practical learning situations. Good learners use a variety of strategies in the classroom
The six cognitive strategies for learning are:
1. Clustering: The student arranges data for easier grasp and retention.
2. Spatial: The learner arranges information visually in a way that makes it easy to understand and remember, like organizing steps into a flow chart.
3. Advance organizers: The instructor provides brief introductory information that helps the learner visualize the upcoming coursework.
4. Image-rich comparisons: The learner utilizes analogies, metaphors, and literal comparisons that bridge past knowledge with new learning.
5. Repetition: Learners practice content until they learn it, as when students learn their multiplication tables.
6. Memory aids: Learners use words, letters, or images in easy-to-remember ways that enhance retention of more complex subject matter